# Making Football Match Winner Predictions through Machine Learning There are numerous techniques to predict football match results using the number of goals scored by a team as a base measurement for predicting future results. Unfortunately, goals scored in a match have a random element that brings inconsistencies in most games, resulting in wrong predictions. Machine Learning techniques have become a part of football prediction sites. They are used to predict the score and results of football matches which use in-game maths events as a base of measurement rather than goals scored or conceded by a team. Let’s look at some machine learning techniques used for predicting football match results used by online betting sites in India.

## Machine Learning Techniques for Football Predictions

### 1. Generalized Linear Models

These are a set of regression methods for which the output value is assumed as a linear combination of the input values. The logistic function outputs a value between 0 and 1. It is chosen to be the probability of the positive classification result based on the values given to the input variables. Usually, this technique is easy to implement since there is linearity between predictor variables and outcome variables that are enough to make better predictions than humans. Contrastingly, there is a drawback to this technique as assuming linear connections between input and output variables may not fit a particular problem and become too straightforward.

### 2.  Decision Trees

These are popular machine learning techniques to link input variables related to a football match in the form of tree branches and nodes. Tree leaves represent the outcomes that use algorithms like e CART or ID3 decision tree algorithm. They use combinations of greedy searching and pruning. The decision trees of football match prediction can be fitted for new input and output pairs. The main advantage of this model is that you can scale it with additional data and are resistant to irrelevant features and interpretable. Furthermore, the choices made at the node will help you understand each predictor variable’s impact on the result. A major disadvantage is it works well with training data but may not work well in generalizing unseen data.

### 3. Probabilistic classification

This model is capable of predicting the probability distribution over classes given input variables. Naive Bayes classifier is a popular probabilistic classifier used in football prediction sites. It is based on the naive assumption that two different input variables are independent of each other. The advantage of this method is that they are scalable with large data. Although this model is excellent, the predicted probabilities can be inaccurate due to the naïve assumption factor.

### 4. Lazy learning

It is a machine learning method built without the use of any model. The training data is generalized with every new data input. They are ideal for online betting sites in India, which have large data sets with a small number of features. The K-nearest-neighbours algorithm is a lazy learning method that uses space and outputs. The significant advantage of lazy learning methods is that the target function is approximated locally. Hence, it can adapt to new local data and provide good outcomes. The drawbacks are large space requirements, and slow processing as the evaluation takes more time due to heavy data.

### 5. Support Vector Machines

This ML method is used for both classification and regression. It represents training data as points in space that allow examples falling in different categories far from the nearest data point. The data is mapped into high-dimensional feature spaces using different e kernel functions such as Radial Basis Functions (RBF) or polynomial functions. They have a lot of advantages like being effective in high dimensional spaces, memory efficient, and versatile. On the other hand, the drawback is that this method will not provide probability estimates for classification problems, and a regularization term is needed for kernel function optimization.

### 6. Neural Network models

Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) is a method based on a group of nodes (neurons) that model at an algorithmic level to create a link with the human brain. The advantage of using ANN’s is that they will increase the predictive accuracy compared to other models. The disadvantage is that they are complex and don’t guarantee a single solution resulting in ambiguity.

Machine Learning techniques are evolving every day. Eventually, the football prediction sites will be able to provide accurate predictions on football matches to help betting enthusiasts make informed decisions. Once we can understand how these ML techniques work, we can choose a predicting website with the best ML and place our bets on online betting sites in India with more accurate predictions.